Copyright (c) 2007 Dimitri Marinakis.
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
The account that follows is for the 8985-7DG model (Part Number: VOX7Dxx), although it appears that A55 types 8705, 8975, 8985, 9265 and M55e types 9279, 9379, 9389, 9637 share the same motherboard. The particular computer model is equipped with 512Mb of memory (one module), a 16 x DVD reader, an 80GB SATA disk, an FDD. And it came with a kind of a certificate for a PCDOS 2000 copy (DOS 2000 Licence); if you don't have it you need to send for it (what's wrong with shipping a computer without an OS, anyway). A 17” 1280 x 1024 Lenovo 171 monitor was bought along with the computer.
BIOS version: 2OKT30AUS (12/11/2006)
First impressions: Quiet fan operation (it has three of them), lean, low-end but sturdy-looking mini-tower box, “Preferred Pro” keyboard and optical wheel mouse. The front panel features an air-intake grill, USB and audio ports as well as a plastic extension sticking out for grabbing it and moving it around. This handy feature, however, prevents box-stacking, like when you are “temporarily” working with more than one computer boxes. The documentation obtained on the net is not overly detailed. And there is a problem with the DVD drive not being able to read my slightly scratched mp3 collection (all my other DVD readers and/or writers are happy with the particular disk). Also, rigid plastic feet make it slide rather easily on a desktop, despite its 11 kg weight.
The L171 monitor had a glaring bright green-on-black pixel out-of-the-box. According to the company's product description “The L171 meets the ISO 13406-2 Class 2 Pixel Defect Standard” - meaning 5 bad pixels before they will accept a monitor for replacement, if I understand correctly. A local shopkeeper who had two similarly-looking IBM/Lenovo machines (8112, 8113) told me he had the same problem with his IBM-branded monitors; his supplier did replace his, however; I have been offered a replacement, as well.
The selected GNU/Linux distribution for the particular exercise was OpenSuSE 10.2 (http://en.opensuse.org/Download) with the x86_64 smp kernel; newer modules are required for 3D desktops, hence a quick upgrade to 10.3 and beyond (http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/SL-OSS-factory/inst-source/). VectorLinux (http://www.vectorlinux.com) was also successfully installed on this machine as well as Ubuntu 6.10.
If this text looks outdated, maybe it is. Please help keep the record(s) straight.
28-Mar-2007 – AIGLX, beryl, Ubuntu
25-Feb-2007 – upgrade to 10.3, graphics build information moved to troubleshooting section
20-Feb-2007 – Xgl - compiz
17-Feb-2007 – ACPI, network, audio update
24-Jan-2007 – Hardware update
First release 20-Jan-2007
ThinkCentre A55 Detailed specifications
ThinkCentre A55 Hardware removal and installation index
ThinkCentre A55 System service parts
41x5730.pdf - ThinkCentre Hardware Maintenance Manual
Intel 946GZ data
(http://www.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop/d946gzis/) Relevant Intel motherboard information
Firmware Developer Kit – BIOS
Analog Devices AD1986 data
Falko Timme's “How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE
(http://principe.homelinux.net/) Communication between Xorg, Xgl, and an OpenGL client, through libGL and the GLX Protocol
Using Xgl on SUSE
(http://www.free3d.org/) FPS “benchmark”
(http://docs.kde.org/stable/en/kdebase/kompmgr/kompmgr.pdf) k composite manager
(http://www.beryl-project.org) The Beryl OpenGL accelerated desktop
(http://www.ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=323667) Ubuntu Server install does not detect onboard Ethernet
(http://lhansen.blogspot.com/2006/10/3d-desktop-beryl-and-xgl-on-ubuntu-edgy.html) Step-by-step instructions for an ATI/Radeon card, includes repository information
(http://jonsmirl.googlepages.com/graphics.html) The State of Linux Graphics
(http://dri.freedesktop.org) Direct Rendering Infrastructure
(http://www.mesa3d.org) The Mesa 3D Graphics Library
(http://www.freesoftwaremagazine.com/articles/accelerated_x) Accelerated X
The usual disclaimer about misconfiguring your system beyond repair or oblueterating your work applies: Don't blame it on me. Do one thing at a time. Read and Learn. Write to tlgu, carmen gr, in case this document contains inaccuracies, errors or if you have some information that others can benefit from.
250-Watt supply with variable speed fan
Micro-ATX motherboard (
Intel 946 Customer Reference
Board) featuring an Intel Pentium D 820 Processor 2.8 GHz 800
FSB 2MB (2 x 1MB) L2 cache
Intel 946GZ chipset
Two Serial ATA connectors (one hard drive bay)
One Parallel port (ECP/EPP/IEEE 1284)
Two (2) 184 pin DDR1 SDRAM UDIMM sockets, 533/667MHz DDR2 (Double Data Rate) dual channel memory support, PC2-4200 and PC2-5300 memory supported, up to 4 GB of DDR2 SDRAM, no ECC or parity. The 7DG model has 512 MB PC2-4200 (533MHz) DDR2 SDRAM (one module) installed.
One (1) full-length, full-height, PCI Express x16 slot (for an optional graphics adapter)
One full-length, full-height, PCI Express x1
Two (2) full-length, full-height, 32-bit PCI 2.3 (5v) slots
One (1) 3.5-inch externally accessible bay (floppy diskette drive)
One (1) 3.5-inch internal bay - unlatches and rotates to help remove and reinstall the HDD
Two (2) 5.25-inch externally accessible bays (optical drives)
TSSTcorp DVD-ROM TS-H352C
HDS728080PLA380 – 80Gb, 7200 rpm, SATA
There is one parallel IDE cable with two connectors (CS – Cable Select) which allowed the installation of an extra DVD/RW drive; the drive bays feature a no-tools drive accommodation mechanism which, however, expects that some kind of a metal plate has been installed on the drive, for use with the latching mechanism (none included). Fortunately the usual drive screw holes were punched on the metal frame.
1.5 W facing towards the front, also transducer on the motherboard
Six (6) USB 2.0 ports: two up front, four at the rear
One (1) Ethernet RJ-45 port
One (1) 9-pin serial port (a 2nd serial port is available using an optional cable, which is quite rare among current-era computers – but... this is apparently disabled by the BIOS)
One (1) 25-pin parallel port
Mouse, keyboard, and VGA monitor ports
Line-out, line-in (back), microphone audio jack-in (front/back), and headphone-out (front) ports
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 82946GZ/PL/GL Memory Controller Hub (rev 02) 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82946GZ/GL Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 02) 00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller (rev 01) 00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 1 (rev 01) 00:1c.1 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 2 (rev 01) 00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI #1 (rev 01) 00:1d.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI #2 (rev 01) 00:1d.2 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI #3 (rev 01) 00:1d.3 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI #4 (rev 01) 00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB2 EHCI Controller (rev 01) 00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 PCI Bridge (rev e1) 00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82801GB/GR (ICH7 Family) LPC Interface Bridge (rev 01) 00:1f.2 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82801GB/GR/GH (ICH7 Family) Serial ATA Storage Controller IDE (rev 01) 00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) SMBus Controller (rev 01) 04:00.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetLink BCM5786 Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express (rev 02)
You will need some music while working on the video section and you probably won't like the high-pitched tone coming out of your speakers (or headphones). The following worked for me:
on the kernel boot line -
– [apparently not needed with kernels > 2.6.19]
While you are at it, maybe you should add a
boot option if you prefer the smaller characters afforded by the
The audio chip is reported as “AD198x”. ADI1986
Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller Driver: "HDA Intel" Driver Modules: "snd_hda_intel"
ALSA is installed by default. Created a file called
/etc/modprobe.d – having the following
# /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-fix options snd-hda-intel position_fix=1 model=3stack
alsamixer the line output (on the back) is “Front”.
The speaker on the front panel is “Mono”.
The DVD-ROM drive lacks a cable connecting its audio output to the motherboard input so if you will be playing real CDs, you provide.
Video modes supported by the motherboard chipset (
Integrated Graphics Controller)
640 x 480, 16M color (200 Hz)
800 x 600, 16M color (200 Hz)
1024 x 768, 16M colors (200 Hz)
1152 x 864, 16M colors (200 Hz)
1280 x 1024, 16M colors (160 Hz)
1600 x 1200, 16M colors (120 Hz)
1920 x 1080, 16M colors (120 Hz)
1920 x 1200, 16M colors (100 Hz)
1920 x 1440, 16M colors (90 Hz)
2048 x 1536, 16M colors (85 Hz)
Monitor information maybe obtained by the X probes; if not, here it is:
L171 Horizontal frequencies: 30 – 83 kHz
L171 Vertical frequencies: 55 – 76Hz
L171 Maximum viewable area 340 x 272 mm says the manufacturer, or 17” (5/4 ratio)
L171 monitor factory preset modes (Maximum pixel rate 140 MHz, 16 million colors):
640 x 350 70 Hz
640 x 480 60 Hz
640 x 480 72 Hz
640 x 480 75 Hz
720 x 400 70 Hz
800 x 600 60 Hz
800 x 600 72 Hz
800 x 600 75 Hz
1024 x 768 60 Hz
1024 x 768 70 Hz
1024 x 768 75 Hz
1280 x 1024 60 Hz
1280 x 1024 70 Hz
1280 x 1024 75 Hz
1280 x 1024 76 Hz
The vesa/framebuffer driver worked out of the box (2D) but if you want to take the long and winding road (3D), read on:
The motherboard's IGD (Integrated Graphics Device) is initially allocated 8Mb memory (stolen from the 512 Mb system memory) by the BIOS. This is not enough for 3D operation. So you must go to the BIOS Video settings and select:
Active video: IGD DVMT mode – DVMT (stands for Dynamic Video Memory Technology) IGD Memory size: Auto (driver gets 64Mb) or Max DVMT (or you may limit the available memory to 128 or 256Mb)
Working as root (
Save the known-working
configuration. A working version of
with the Intel open-source driver (i810) may be found below (at least
the important parts):
Then, the proper driver (
agpgart) should be working
to allocate the extra video memory. Nowadays this is included in the
kernel (not compiled as a module) and it is operational as of kernel
2.16.19; earlier kernels will not work.
If you find out by looking in your /var/log/Xorg.0.log file that
the relevant device
/dev/agpgart cannot be opened, make
a device entry yourself, if it does not exist, or change the rights
of the device to include the target group/owner:
> mknod -m 660 /dev/agpgart c 10 175
I have the following line in my
to make sure that
agpgart is accessible by all (you may
limit access to the
video group users).
> chmod 666 /dev/agpgart
You may restart your server by pressing Ctrl/Alt/Backspace or by typing
> rcxdm restart
Use the “bogoframes benchmark” from http://www.free3d.org/ to see how you fared:
> cat /proc/pci | grep VGA || lspci | grep VGA | colrm 1 4 ; cat /proc/cpuinfo | \ egrep "model name|MHz" ; xdpyinfo | egrep "version:|dimensions|depth of" ; glxinfo | \ egrep -A2 "direct rendering|OpenGL vendor" ; glxgears & sleep 25 ; killall glxgears
Which on this system yields (16 bits):
2.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82946GZ/GL Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 02) model name : Intel(R) Pentium(R) D CPU 2.80GHz cpu MHz : 2793.079 model name : Intel(R) Pentium(R) D CPU 2.80GHz cpu MHz : 2793.079 X.Org version: 126.96.36.1992 dimensions: 1280x1024 pixels (332x271 millimeters) depth of root window: 16 planes libGL warning: 3D driver claims to not support visual 0x5a direct rendering: Yes server glx vendor string: SGI server glx version string: 1.2 -- OpenGL vendor string: Tungsten Graphics, Inc OpenGL renderer string: Mesa DRI Intel(R) 946GZ 4.1.3002 OpenGL version string: 1.4 Mesa 6.5.2  ---- libGL warning: 3D driver claims to not support visual 0x5a 9265 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1852.894 FPS 9525 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1904.840 FPS 9521 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1904.067 FPS 9518 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1903.471 FPS
...wait; it is getting better (24 bits):
2.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82946GZ/GL Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 02) model name : Intel(R) Pentium(R) D CPU 2.80GHz cpu MHz : 2793.079 model name : Intel(R) Pentium(R) D CPU 2.80GHz cpu MHz : 2793.079 X.Org version: 188.8.131.522 dimensions: 1280x1024 pixels (332x271 millimeters) depth of root window: 24 planes libGL warning: 3D driver claims to not support visual 0x5a direct rendering: Yes server glx vendor string: SGI server glx version string: 1.2 -- OpenGL vendor string: Tungsten Graphics, Inc OpenGL renderer string: Mesa DRI Intel(R) 946GZ 4.1.3002 OpenGL version string: 1.4 Mesa 6.5.2  .... libGL warning: 3D driver claims to not support visual 0x5a 6063 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1212.520 FPS 6230 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1245.845 FPS 6212 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1242.342 FPS
Section "Files" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/misc:unscaled" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/local" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi:unscaled" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Type1" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/URW" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/truetype" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/uni:unscaled" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/CID" FontPath "/opt/kde3/share/fonts" FontPath "/usr/local/share/fonts" InputDevices "/dev/gpmdata" InputDevices "/dev/input/mice" EndSection Section "ServerFlags" Option "AllowMouseOpenFail" "on" EndSection Section "Module" Load "v4l" Load "i2c" Load "bitmap" Load "ddc" Load "dri" Load "extmod" Load "freetype" Load "glx" Load "int10" Load "type1" Load "vbe" Load "dbe" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Driver "kbd" Identifier "Keyboard" Option "Protocol" "Standard" Option "XkbLayout" "us" Option "XkbModel" "pc104" Option "XkbRules" "xfree86" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Driver "mouse" Identifier "Mouse" Option "Buttons" "5" Option "Device" "/dev/input/mice" Option "Name" "IBM USB Optical Mouse" Option "Protocol" "explorerps/2" Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5" EndSection Section "Monitor" # Commented out values are automagically obtained from the # Display Data Channel (DDC) module # Option "CalcAlgorithm" "XServerPool" # DisplaySize 337 270 # HorizSync 30-83 Identifier "Monitor" ModelName "L171" Option "DPMS" # VendorName "LENOVO" # VertRefresh 55-76 UseModes "Modes" EndSection Section "Modes" Identifier "Modes" EndSection Section "Screen" # Depth (bits per pixel) can be 16 or 24 for 3D operation # Xglx requires 24 bits # # A matching VBIOS entry should be present: # e.g. 915resolution 3c 1280 1024 24 # # DefaultDepth 24 DefaultDepth 16 SubSection "Display" Depth 16 Modes "1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480" EndSubSection SubSection "Display" Depth 24 Modes "1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480" EndSubSection Device "Device" Identifier "Screen" Monitor "Monitor" EndSection Section "Device" BoardName "Q965/Q963/G965/946GZ" BusID "0:2:0" Driver "i810" Identifier "Device" Option "DRI" Screen 0 VendorName "Intel" # See man i810 Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" # AGPMode can take values from 0 to 8 Option "AGPMode" "4" # VESA Bios Extension (VBE) – save/restore initial text mode # This is necessary to prevent video misconfiguration while switching # virtual terminals (VTs) Option "VBERestore" "true" # VideoRam may be commented out # If it is not expressly defined, it will default to 64M # (memory must be available, see "3D Video", above) # VideoRam 131072 EndSection Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "Layout[all]" InputDevice "Keyboard" "CoreKeyboard" InputDevice "Mouse" "CorePointer" Option "Clone" "off" Option "Xinerama" "off" Screen "Screen" # Use the following option if AIGLX is used Option "AIGLX" "true" EndSection Section "DRI" # Group "video" Mode 0666 EndSection Section "Extensions" Option "Composite" "Enable" EndSection
If you have enabled the “Composite” option in your xorg.conf
file and you start the KDE window manager, you will also start
kompmgr – the KDE composite rendering engine.
This, in turn, will provide translucency, shadows and
Xgl – translucent windows, desktop on the sides of a “cube”,
quick location of windows opened on various desktops by scaling. Xgl
requires 24 bits. The
compiz compositing window
manager is included in the standard distribution. Xgl runs on top of
GLX (OpenGL Extension to the X Window System).
The video device is an Intel 946GZ (refer to Intel web pages to
find out more). Its operation is controlled by a Video BIOS (VBIOS)
table that does not include a 24-bit mode and needs to be patched for
the correct resolution and color depth. So one of the operations that
need to be performed on system startup is calling an appropriate
program to patch one of the listed/available video modes. The
915resolution package included in openSuSE 10.3 needs to
run in order to patch the Video BIOS. The patch is applied to a RAM
copy of the VBIOS (it is not a permanent change). I have included the
following line in my
> /sbin/915resolution 3c 1280 1024 24
meaning “change mode 3c to 1280x1024 resolution (24 bits)”. To see the active modes, use the “list” option:
> /sbin/915resolution -l
/etc/X11/xorg.conf make sure that the default
color depth is 24 bits.
Section “Screen” DefaultDepth 24
Install the required packages:
> yast -i xgl xgl-hardware-list compiz gnome-session libwnck compiz-kde
favorite editor and change the following variable to read:
You can do the same using
(System > /etc/sysconfig Editor > Desktop > Display manager)
Create the following files and make executable (chown +x
filename). Note that there are a number of window decorators to be
compiz (gtk-window-decorator, kde-window-decorator,
# filename: /usr/local/bin/compiz.sh # Uncomment one of the following lines to select a window decorator. # #/usr/bin/compiz gconf & /usr/bin/cgwd & #/usr/bin/compiz gconf & /usr/bin/gtk-window-decorator & /usr/bin/compiz gconf & /usr/bin/kde-window-decorator & # filename: /opt/kde3/env/kdewm.sh export KDEWM=/usr/local/bin/compiz.sh
Restart your X server by typing
> rcxdm restart
To adjust the behavior of the 3D Desktop run:
Accelerated Indirect GLX – an extension which is now
incorporated in Xorg. Beryl is a compositing window manager with an
accompanying window decorator (
emerald) and a real-time
settings manager (
beryl packages for
opensuse (the ones with -snapshot) appended, may be
found at http://software.opensuse.org/download/X11:/XGL/SUSE_Factory.
The resolution discussion in the previous section is applicable here, as well. AIGLX runs fine with 16 bit color resolution so we don't really need to tweak video modes.
make sure that
To start beryl, you only need to run
A red jewel icon will appear on your panel. You can use it to select
one of available window managers (
kwin – the KDE
metacity, the GNOME window manager,
compiz and – of course –
beryl). On top
of the list is the beryl settings manager, for perusing and changing
the various options.
If you have trouble using beryl-manager, you can try the individual commands:
> beryl --replace &
> emerald --replace &
> beryl-settings &
The first one starts the window manager, the second one starts the window decorator and the third one starts the settings manager. There is also a test mode, which you can use to verify whether the window manager thinks that everything is ok before actually starting it. In a console window type:
> beryl –test
To start beryl if you are in KDE, you must also stop the kwin compositing engine. The following line does it all:
> killall kompmgr &
beryl --replace &
emerald --replace &
If you want to compare notes, use the
benchmark plug-in (it is in the
extras tab of
beryl-settings). On my
machine, it has registered up to 200 frames-per-second while idle,
with about 40 fps while the desktop cube is hanging in
“mid-air”. This compares to a low 136/28 fps and a medium
155/36 fps, depending on AGPMode and other settings.
This Debian-based distribution is quite popular and quite
promising. It, too, needs the latest and greatest
kernel/xorg/mesa/tg3 network driver/915resolution video
mode tweaking packages to work on this computer.
Network: Look at the link in the References section for
driver download, compilation and installation instructions. The
driver may be found at
Video mode: The
915resolution program needs to be
patched; though the patches are cosmetic, they are needed for proper
chipset identification – otherwise the program won't run. If the
package is installed, however, there is a file called
/etc/default/915resolution, which you can edit to add
the desired video mode (see
MODE=0x3c XRES0=1280 YRES0=1024 BIT=24
There was also a problem when trying to install Ubuntu on a spare
ubiquity (Ubuntu's installer) refused to
install the system before the partition was deleted and
Also – Ubuntu is a root-less system. If you want to work as
sudo su and provide the password of the
Another problem –
beryl-settings would not run with
my locale (which was not included in the particular distribution). A
quick workaround is to set
LC_CTYPE=C and then run
Before I had the first 3D desktop working, various issues came up; although these may no longer be relevant due to the torrential rate of updates, I have kept them in this section, just in case...
This driver is included in the kernel as of
2.16.19; earlier kernels will not work. To compile the latest and
greatest kernel (www.kernel.org)
get the current system configuration (
from the running system and follow the instructions at
or similar instructions for your favorite GNU/Linux flavor).
Flashing blue/white screen following video modifications:
Switching screens: the mode of the console
screen must match the mode of the graphics screen. If these are
different you may be left with an off-blue or off-white screen
(flashing, too). If this happens you may try to switch to a virtual
console (e.g. Alt/Ctrl/F3) and half-blindly login and reboot the
system. If it becomes unusable you may type “single” at the boot
prompt (single user mode), restore your working
This issue was eventually resolved by the VBERestore option in the Device section of the X configuration file (xorg.conf). By saving and restoring the original (video) text mode, everything is working smoothly.
DRI not working:
DRI (Direct Rendering Infrastructure)... Need Mesa. Downloaded Mesa 6.5.2 (http://www.mesa3d.org).
Mesa 6.5.2 needs
2.3.0 or greater. Get it from http://dri.freedesktop.org/libdrm/.
(Comment from http://dri.freedesktop.org/wiki/Building:
libdrm installs to /usr/local/lib by default. To install in /usr/lib run:
Mesa also needs
be included; read Mesa x.x.x/docs/install.html before you start the
When everything is in place, build the suite using the following commands:
> make realclean -j 4 > make linux-dri-x86-64 -j 4 > make install
-j 4 switch instructs make to run 4 concurrent jobs
– improves build times drastically keeping both processors busy...)
Now if you restart Xorg you may still get a
complaint inside Xorg.0.log to the effect that
cannot be found. This library is part of the Mesa suite. I manually
copied it to
/usr/lib64 and restarted the X server
915resolution not recognizing the graphics
915resolution package which
comes with openSuSE 10.2-10.3 is patched to recognize this video
graphics chip. As the 82946GZ/GL controller is compatible with
existing chipsets patching older versions at hand is a matter of
including new names:
24-bit operation does not use direct rendering:
...but 3D desktop works
After restarting the X server 2.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82946GZ/GL Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 02) model name : Intel(R) Pentium(R) D CPU 2.80GHz cpu MHz : 2793.089 model name : Intel(R) Pentium(R) D CPU 2.80GHz cpu MHz : 2793.089 X.Org version: 184.108.40.206 dimensions: 1280x1024 pixels (332x271 millimeters) depth of root window: 24 planes direct rendering: No server glx vendor string: SGI server glx version string: 1.2 -- OpenGL vendor string: Mesa project: www.mesa3d.org OpenGL renderer string: Mesa GLX Indirect OpenGL version string: 1.2 (1.5 Mesa 6.5.2)  5285 1974 frames in 5.3 seconds = 374.697 FPS 1920 frames in 5.2 seconds = 367.907 FPS 1920 frames in 5.2 seconds = 367.047 FPS 1920 frames in 5.2 seconds = 367.918 FPS
gnome-xgl-settings complains about not knowing the
Add the following line in
# Supported Intel cards
G 8086:2972 # Intel Corporation
82946GZ/GL Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 02) (prog-if 00 [VGA])
This computer sports a
Broadcom Corporation NetLink BCM5786
Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express. The automatically selected
Tigon3 [partno(BCM95786) rev b002 PHY(5787)] (PCI Express) 10/100/1000BaseT Device: pci 0x169a SubDevice: pci 0x1015 Revision: 0x02 > ethtool eth0 Settings for eth0: Supported ports: [ MII ] Supported link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full 1000baseT/Half 1000baseT/Full Supports auto-negotiation: Yes Advertised link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full 1000baseT/Half 1000baseT/Full Advertised auto-negotiation: Yes Speed: 1000Mb/s Duplex: Full Port: Twisted Pair PHYAD: 1 Transceiver: internal Auto-negotiation: on Supports Wake-on: g Wake-on: d Current message level: 0x000000ff (255) Link detected: yes
ACPI: (supports S0 S1 S3 S4 S5)
If the power saving daemon (
powersaved) is running, you
can put the machine in standby operation or turn it off saving the
current state (suspend to disk – swap).
> powersave -U
will suspend to disk and,
> powersave -m
will set the machine in stand-by. The light next to the power button will be flashing. Pushing the button will (almost) instantly restore the machine to an operational state.
You can also disable and re-enable the second processor:
> powersave -D 1 > powersave -E 1
And here is a list of the devices that can wake up the computer:
> cat /proc/acpi/wakeup Device Sleep state Status EXP1 4 disabled EXP2 4 disabled PCIB 5 disabled KBC0 4 disabled COMA 5 disabled AC97 1 disabled PWRB 3 * enabled USB1 3 disabled USB2 3 disabled USB3 3 disabled USB4 3 disabled EUSB 3 disabled
sensors-detect identifies the sensor chip and
required driver modules for fan, temperature and voltages, which can
then be selected and displayed using
ksysguard or other. Note that displayed values may not
be properly scaled [FIXME: need scaling/offset values]
> sensors-detect Driver `eeprom' (should be inserted): Detects correctly: * Bus `SMBus I801 adapter at 1880' Busdriver `i2c-i801', I2C address 0x50 Chip `SPD EEPROM' (confidence: 8) * Bus `SMBus I801 adapter at 1880' Busdriver `i2c-i801', I2C address 0x52 Chip `SPD EEPROM' (confidence: 8) ... Driver `it87' (should be inserted): Detects correctly: * ISA bus address 0x0290 (Busdriver `i2c-isa') Chip `ITE IT8718F Super IO Sensors' (confidence: 9) I will now generate the commands needed to load the required modules. Just press ENTER to continue: To make the sensors modules behave correctly, add these lines to /etc/modprobe.conf: #----cut here---- # I2C module options alias char-major-89 i2c-dev #----cut here---- To load everything that is needed, add this to some /etc/rc* file: #----cut here---- # I2C adapter drivers modprobe i2c-i801 # Chip drivers modprobe eeprom modprobe it87 # sleep 2 # optional /usr/bin/sensors -s # recommended #----cut here---- ... > cat /etc/sysconfig/lm_sensors ... MODULE_0=i2c-i801 MODULE_1=eeprom MODULE_2=it87
Version 1.2, November 2002
Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and useful document "free" in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily, this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for modifications made by others.
This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense. It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft license designed for free software.
We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free software, because free software needs free documentation: a free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the software does. But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book. We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.
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5. COMBINING DOCUMENTS
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In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled "History" in the various original documents, forming one section Entitled "History"; likewise combine any sections Entitled "Acknowledgements", and any sections Entitled "Dedications". You must delete all sections Entitled "Endorsements."
6. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS
You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.
You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.
7. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS
A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called an "aggregate" if the copyright resulting from the compilation is not used to limit the legal rights of the compilation's users beyond what the individual works permit. When the Document is included in an aggregate, this License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which are not themselves derivative works of the Document.
If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one half of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on covers that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or the electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic form. Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket the whole aggregate.
Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4. Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special permission from their copyright holders, but you may include translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the original versions of these Invariant Sections. You may include a translation of this License, and all the license notices in the Document, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided that you also include the original English version of this License and the original versions of those notices and disclaimers. In case of a disagreement between the translation and the original version of this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will prevail.
If a section in the Document is Entitled "Acknowledgements", "Dedications", or "History", the requirement (section 4) to Preserve its Title (section 1) will typically require changing the actual title.
You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except as expressly provided for under this License. Any other attempt to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.
10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE
The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. See http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.
Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number. If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation. If the Document does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.
How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.> Copyright (C) <year> <name of author> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:
Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.
The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker. <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989 Ty Coon, President of Vice
This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General Public License instead of this License.